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聽故事學4000英語詞匯91:巧克力的歷史

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聽英語故事,學記英語單詞。4000英語實用詞匯,盡在每個故事中。
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4000 Essential English Words 4 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯4 保羅·納森

Unit 1 Word List

第1單元 單詞表

aroma n.

芳香

An aroma is a scent or smell.

指某種香味或味道。

→ I love the aroma of coffee in the morning.

我喜歡早晨咖啡的香味。

beverage n.

飲料

A beverage is a drink.

指某種飲品。

→ The waiter brought our beverages first. Then he brought our food.

服務員先給我們端來飲料,然后才給我們上菜。

cluster n.

A cluster of things is a small group of them placed close together.

指一小堆密集堆放在一起的物品。

→ She held a large cluster of grapes in her hand.

她手里拿著一大串葡萄。

combine v.

聯合

To combine is to join together to make a single thing or group.

表示聯合在一起做某事或組成團體。

→ Mina combined peanut butter and jelly to make a sandwich.

米娜用花生醬和果凍做了一個三明治。

condensed adj.

濃縮的

When a liquid is condensed, it is made thicker.

表示更濃稠的液體。

→ One way to make a dessert thick and sweet is to use condensed milk.

煉乳能讓甜點又濃又甜。

contemporary adj.

當代的

When something is contemporary, it is related to the present time.

表示當下的。

→ Contemporary scientists have learned quite a bit about DNA.

當代科學家已經對DNA有了相當多的了解。

cultivate v.

培養

To cultivate plants is to care for them and help them grow.

指照顧并幫助生長。

→ A research company is cultivating new kinds of rice to aid poor countries.

一家研究公司正在培育新型水稻,以幫助貧困國家。

divine adj.

神圣的

When something is divine, it is related to gods.

表示與神明有關的。

→ Legends say that music was given to men as a divine gift from the gods.

傳說音樂是神賜給人類的神圣禮物。

humid adj.

潮濕的

When it is humid, there is a lot of water in the air.

表示空氣中水分含量多的。

→ It is very humid inside of a sauna.

桑拿室內很潮濕。

odor n.

氣味

An odor is a very distinct smell.

一種非常獨特的氣味。

→ He knew there was a leak when he noticed the strong odor of natural gas.

聞到強烈的氣味后他就知道是天然氣泄露了。

palate n.

味覺

The palate is the top part of the mouth.

表示嘴巴的最上部。

→ You can touch your palate with your tongue.

你可以用舌頭舔到上顎。

paradise n.

天堂

Paradise is the place or condition of happiness where things are perfect.

存在完美事物的幸福的地方或慶幸。

→ My vacation in Hawaii was like being in paradise.

我在夏威夷度假的時光宛若天堂。

plantation n.

大農場

A plantation is a big farm that only grows certain kinds of crops.

只種植某幾種植物的大型農場。

→ In the 1800s, there were many cotton plantations in the southern US.

在19世紀,美國南部有許多棉花種植園。

rapid adj.

迅速的

When something is rapid, it moves or changes very quickly.

表示快速移動或變化的。

→ His mother was surprised by her son's rapid growth.

母親對兒子的成長速度感到驚訝。

rate n.

速度

A rate is the speed at which something happens.

某件事發生的速度。

→ Grass tends to grow at a very slow rate.

草的生長速度往往很慢。

soothing adj.

撫慰的

When something is soothing, it makes you calm or relaxed.

讓人感覺平靜或放松的事物。

→ The soothing music helped the baby fall asleep.

舒緩的音樂幫助嬰兒入睡。

subtle adj.

微妙的

When something is subtle, it is not easy to see or notice.

表示不容易被看到或注意到的。

→ The handsome man has a subtle smile.

這個英俊的男人露出了狡黠的笑容。

texture n.

質地

The texture of something is the way its surface looks and feels.

指物體表面的外觀和感覺。

→ The texture of a rock found in the water is typically very smooth.

水中的巖石質地通常很光滑。

toxic adj.

有毒的

When something is toxic, it is poisonous. Toxic things are very dangerous.

表示帶有毒性的危險的東西。

→ Please check the label to see if the product is toxic.

請檢查產品標簽,看看是否有毒。

vary v.

變化

To vary means to be different from another thing in size or amount.

表示與另一種事物尺寸或數量不同的。

→ The heights of the people in my class vary by a large amount.

我們班的人身高相差很大。

The History of Chocolate

巧克力的歷史

Many people believe that chocolate originally came from Europe. However, chocolate, called the "food of the gods," was first made in the Americas. The first chocolate was very different from contemporary chocolate.

許多人認為巧克力最初起源于歐洲,而這種被稱為“上帝的食物”的東西最早出現于美洲。最初的巧克力和現在的巧克力有很大區別。

Wild chocolate trees can grow easily in the humid Amazon rainforest. Clusters of flowers growing on these trees turn to seeds. About 20 to 60 cacao beans can be found in the seeds. Cacao beans are the ingredient needed to create sweet, soothing, and delicious chocolate treats.

野生巧克力樹在潮濕的亞馬遜雨林中很容易生長。長在這些樹上的一簇簇花變成了種子,每顆種子中含有大約20到60顆可可豆,而這些可可豆是制作甜滑美味的巧克力的原料。

The Mayan and Aztec cultures both thought that chocolate trees were brought from paradise by gods. The Mayans and Aztecs used the beans from this divine tree to create a special beverage with a very pleasant odor. Surprisingly, the Aztecs believed that it would be toxic to women and children.

瑪雅文化和阿茲特克文化都認為巧克力樹是神從天堂帶來的。瑪雅人和阿茲特克人用這棵神樹的豆子制作了一種特殊的飲料,氣味非常怡人。令人驚訝的是,阿茲特克人卻認為這種飲料對婦女和兒童有害。

In the 1500s, the Spanish explorer Cortes met the Aztecs. Cortes became quite interested in the plantations where the Aztecs cultivated chocolate trees. When he returned to Europe, he took cacao beans with him. He introduced the people of Spain to the Aztecs' chocolate beverage.

16世紀,西班牙探險家科爾特斯遇見了阿茲特克人。科爾特斯對阿茲特克人種植巧克力樹的種植園非常感興趣。他帶了一些可可豆回到歐洲,并向西班牙人民介紹了阿茲特克的巧克力飲料。

Over the next 100 years or so, kings, queens, and members of the upper class enjoyed drinking chocolate. They enjoyed it even more once they learned to add sugar to the beverage! Soon, chocolate had spread all across Europe. New machines allowed chocolate makers to perfect their products and produce them at a very rapid rate. Preparing the beans in special ways brought out the aroma of chocolate. The beans were combined with condensed milk to give the chocolate a smooth texture.

在接下來的100多年里,國王、王后和上層社會的人都愛上了喝巧克力,而加糖后的巧克力吸引力更大!很快,巧克力就傳遍了整個歐洲。巧克力制造商使用新機器完善產品,而且生產速度也有所提高。用特殊的方法制作咖啡帶來的香味更怡人。可可豆和煉乳混合在一起,使巧克力口感光滑。

Today, contemporary chocolates with subtle flavors fill the shelves of expensive chocolate shops. The different types of chocolate available today vary widely. True chocolate lovers can tell which is best, though. They will tell you that the flavor of high quality chocolate stays on the palate long after you finish it.

如今,高檔巧克力商店的貨架上擺滿了口味微妙的現代巧克力,而且種類不一。不過,真正的巧克力愛好者能分辨出哪種是最好的。他們會告訴你,高品質巧克力的吃完后很長時間會口齒留香。

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